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Св.Архангели Јерусалим

About spiritual and cultural heritage of the Holy Land, Jerusalem and Sinai

Website created with the help of the Jerusalem Patriarchate


Οι Άγιοι Τόποι  Святая Земля ארץ הקודש  The Holy Land  الأراضي المقدسة  La Terra Santa


The Holy Land - the land of birth of Christ the Savior, Country Annunciation of the Most Holy Mother of God, the Temple and the Baptism of Christ, the land where Jesus Christ lived, taught, performed miracles, the country where the Last Supper where instituted the sacrament of the Holy Eucharist, and where was the betrayal of Judah where it happened the suffering of Christ, the crucifixion, "death" on the cross. Country where it happened his glorious Resurrection, Ascension into heaven and the descent of the Holy Spirit on the Apostles all this is Holy Land, its past, present and future.

In the Holy Land has elapsed life of the mother of God and was her glorious Dormition, from the same this Holy Land are Holy Apostles started to preach throughout the then-known universe. This is a country where the spilled blood of the first martyrs of Christ.

In other words, the Holy Land is the spiritual cradle of all Christians. Jerusalem unto ages of ages the Holy City, the Orthodox Jerusalem Patriarchate is mother of all churches.

Stormiest and most troublesome of all, the history of the Holy Land, is not disrupted enchanting and majestic posture of the Christian spirit and church tradition. Many empires, military, wars, revolutions that shook the Holy Land failed to destroy what is seen in the depths of the night when the monk his prayers to the Lord refers to the Holy Sepulchre. So it was for centuries, and will be.


Time and space that Jesus Christ visited, and his footsteps and famous Hilandar`s monks, creating links between the Holy Land and Hilandar monastery.



Pilgrimage to the Holy Land


In the Orthodox understanding of the pilgrimage includes a visit to the holy places, the honors monasteries and temples that are related to the name of the Savior. In the modern world, a pilgrimage is mixed with tourism. Despite the obvious similarities, these concepts are quite different. While tourism is aimed at acquiring new knowledge and experiences; pilgrimage is visits holy sites purely religious and spiritual nature, which means that a folower-pilgrim has already acquired a good knowledge of them, all with the blessing of His Church, gifts to them, to seek prayer, spiritual forms a bond with the saints, time, place and the event itself that build the holy place, and spiritually purified. All in aim to see Christ in their way and returned to his home as a spiritually better person.



     The Holy Land: The Holy land and Hilandar monastery, History, nature and geography, The importance of Holy land, Serbs and the Holy land
     Jerusalem: Nature and geography, History, The importance of Holy land
     Sinai: Nature and geography, History, The importance of Sinai, Monastery St.Catherine, Sinaits and Serbia
     Jerusalem patriarchate: History, The importance of patriarchate, Structure of patriarchate
     Holy sites

Holy Monasteries and Churches in Jerusalem:  Central Monastery of Saints Constantine and Helena (the Seat of the Hagiotaphite Brotherhood), Holy Monastery of Little Galilee on the Mount of Olives, Holy Church of Viri Galilaei (Men of Galilee), wherein the Patriarchal residence, Holy Church of the Annunciation of the Dormition of Theotokos, Holy Monastery of Saint Charalampos, Holy Monastery of the Forerunner, Holy Monastery of the Archangels, Holy Monastery of Saint Nicholas, Holy Monastery of Saints Theodores, Holy Monastery of Saint George the Jew, Holy Monastery of Saint George of the Hospital, Holy Monastery of Saint Basil, Holy Monastery of Saint Catherine, Holy Monastery of Saint Spyridon, Holy Monastery of Saint Nicodemus, Holy Monastery of the Praetorium, Holy Monastery of Saint Anna, Holy Monastery of Saint Simeon in Katamonas, Holy Monastery of the Holy Cross, Holy Monastery of Saint Onoufrios, Holy Monastery of Saint Sion, Holy Monastery of Saint Stephanos, Holy Monastery of Saint Panteleimon, Holy Monastery of the Ascension, Holy Monastery of Saint Modestos, Holy Monastery of Abraham, Holy Monastery of the Great Panaghia, Holy Monastery of Saint Euthemios, Holy Monastery of Panaghia Seyda Naya.


Holy Monasteries and Hegoumeneia outside Jerusalem:  Holy Laura of Hosios Savvas the Consecrated, Holy Monastery of Saint George the Hozevite, Holy Monastery of Mount Sarantario (of Temptation), Holy Monastery of Martha and Maria in Bethany, Holy Monastery of the Twelve Apostles in Tiberias , Holy Monastery of Abba Gerasimus of the Jordan, Holy Monastery of Abba Theodosius the Cenobiarch, Holy Monastery of Jacob’s Well in Samaria, Holy Monastery of Mount Tabor, Holy Monastery of the Prophet Elisha of Jericho, Holy Monastery of Cana, Galilee, Holy Monastery of the Holy Apostles in Capernaum, Holy Monastery of St George in Lod (Lydda), Holy Monastery of St George in Beit-Jala, Al-Khadr, Holy Monastery of the Prophet Elias, Holy Monastery of John the Baptist in the Jordan, Holy Monastery of Palm Sunday, Bethphage, In Beit-Jala, Churches: of the Nativity of Theotokos, of St Nicholas and of the Archangel Michael, In Ramallah, Church of the Transfiguration of the Saviour, In Ramla, Church of St George, In Oreini, Monastery of John the Baptist, In Haifa, Church of the Prophet Elias, In Karak, Church of St George, In Fhes, Monastery of St George; and in Alali, Monastery of St James the Brother of God, In Nablus, Rafidia and Nousfizbil Holy Churches of the Annunciation of Theotokos, St Dimitrios, Moses of Aithiopia and St George, Holy Monastery of the Shepherds in Beit-Sahur, St Savvas Tower, Estate of Monk Galaktion, St Chariton’s Laura at Ain-Farah, Holy Monastery of the Holy Cross in Qasr El-Mutran


Footprints and Traces of Serbian Saint Sava in the Holy Land and Jerusalem


The First Serbian Archbishop of Saracen Saint Sava purchased the Last Supper Room by covering the entire area with golden coins. Later the icons of the Nursing Theotokos and the Three-handed Theotokos, were given to him by monks of the Mar Sabba Monastery, which can be found on Mount Athos today.

Fascination is certainly one of the more appropriate expressions to describe the feeling of a person, not just the believer, when found in the Holy Land and the Holy City of Jerusalem.  But this feeling is not the only emotion that pilgrims and “ordinary” tourists from Serbia, as well as Serbs in general,  while praying in front of the greatest holy places get. While visiting the holiest places not only of Christianity, but also Judaism and Islam, generally they  do not seek or follow the traces of their own history in these places. They simply do not know, at least not enough, about the legacy of the Serbian Prince Rastko Nemanjic, Saint Sava, who twice made the pilgrimage to the tomb of Christ, in 1229 and 1234. And they can’t even come across any signposts or other visible features of his devotional travels. 

There, unfortunately, aren’t any today in the Old City of Jerusalem, the Mount of Zion and the Mount of Olives, nor in the Judean Desert, nor in other places of ancient Israel. It is even forgotten that from the beginning of the 14th century, King Milutin built the largest monastery in the Old City on the grounds of the ruined endowment of Emperor Constantine and Empress Elena, and dedicated it to the Holy Archangels Michael and Gabriel. Only the best connoisseurs can show the place in front of the Damascus Gate where the monastery’s gate once stood, like the ninth gate of the Old City, Bab al Srb – Serbian Gate.




A plaque put up at the ONO Academic College in Jerusalem in November during the opening of the Serbian-Jewish Center “Saint Sava and Jehuda Alkalaj” testifies for the first time in a long time about the presence of the founder of the Serbian church in holy Christian places and about the long historical ties of Serbs with the Holy Land and people of Israel. “There are deep roots in the closeness between Jews and Serbs. The special merit of the Serbian spirituality and the metaphysical foundations of statehood, strengthened by the radiation of the Holy Land, belongs to Saint Sava, the founder of the autocephalous Serbian Orthodox Church, a law-maker, an enlightener, a diplomat and an epochal embodiment of the example of a Serb and a world man, “Professor Darko Tanaskovic said in his words at the opening of this center.


A short text in Serbian, Hebrew and English on the memorial plaque commemorating the 790th anniversary of Saint Sava’s first pilgrimage to Jerusalem, has already interested some ONO college students for a little deeper insight into Serb history than they already know thanks to the ties of the fathers of the modern Israeli state. The national interest in rebuilding and consolidating diplomatic, political, cultural and academic ties with Israel and the Jews today coincided with the need to revitalize, commemorate, and show the footprints of Serbian Saint Sava and other Nemanjic in the Holy Land.

“In addition to the undoubtedly realpolitical importance, Serbia’s relations with the Middle East have considerable historical depth and civilizational rooting, which are not sufficiently taken into account by the dictatorship of foreign political pragmatism, driven by changing international political circumstances,” says Tanaskovic, an orientalist philologist and doyen of diplomacy. When it comes to the Holy Land, it still shows, today, the signs of pilgrimage and spiritual as well as charitable activity of Serbian Saint Sava.

“These notes should be renewed and this country made a gathering place for Serbs, especially the youth, in order to restore a shattered sense of belonging to a Christian family founded at a time when there was a supra-political and supranational community in a system of values that was universal, and to Saint Sava this prominent affiliation was by no means in no way separated from the Serbian culture. The Serbian multiple-memorial mirror in the Holy Land, if we know how to pull it out of the darkness of neglect and oblivion into the light of modern knowledge, will portray our character, both to others and ourselves, in dimensions of which we have ceased to be, and as if have ceased to be, aware. By doing this, everything that our country is doing internationally indirectly becomes more convincing and effective. Because, we have been here for a long time! “, Concluded Tanaskovic.

Rastko Nemanjic’s first pilgrimage, ten years after the acquisition of the autocephalousness of the Serbian church – which was to be consolidated – also represented an important diplomatic mission for the medieval Serbian state.

Apart from having richly donated everybody, while visiting the holy places on two occasions (his nephews, then rulers of the Serbian lands, Radoslav, then Vladislav, supplied him with gold, silver and other treasures) Rastko-Sava built a monastery of the Holy Cross not far from Jerusalem. At this place where, according to tradition, a triple tree emerged from which the cross was made on which our Lord Jesus Christ was crucified. Saint Sava also bought from Genoa the Church of St. George in Accra, He bought land on Mount Zion, and erected the monastery Kalamon (today St. Gerasim) …

On his first visit to the Monastery of Saint Sava the Sanctified, Mar Sabba, in the Judean Desert, the prophecy of this saint from Cappadocia is said to have come true. When Sava Serbian walked into the monastery church, a scepter of St. Sava the Sanctified fell from the pedestal on which it stood since the retirement of Mar Sabba in 532. The same thing happened the next day. “Then someone remembered the prophesy of Saint Sabba the Sanctified in which he demanded that they hand over his scepter (‘shepherd’s stick’) to an archbishop of the imperial lineage and of the same name when one day he comes from the West,”. This scepter, as well as two icons that all Serbs must have heard of, the  Nursing Theotokos and the Three-handed Theotokos, the first Serbian archbishop received from the monks of this monastery, are on Mount Athos today.

The churches and endowments he erected in the Holy Land were left by St. Sava as a metochion precisely to the monastery of St. Sava the Sanctified, one of the oldest continuously “living” Christian monasteries. This monastery was populated by Serbian monks for 130 years and it still has a tower dedicated to Nemanjic dynasty. 

To this monastery, which is located approximately mid-way between Bethlehem and the Dead Sea, and which, in the area of the moon’s landscape, is guarded by Bedouins, only the most devout come. But hardly any visitor to the Holy City will bypass the Upper Room on the Mount of Zion, just outside the walls of the Old City, in the southwestern part of Jerusalem. In this “upper room”, according to tradition, the Last Supper was held, in which Jesus Christ washed the feet of the apostles and established the Eucharist, the sacrament of Holy Communion. Below that room is the tomb of King David, the greatest shrine to the Jewish people after the Wailing Wall. The Upper Room is now owned by the State of Israel and has the status of a museum, and the Vatican, since establishing diplomatic relations a quarter-century ago, has been trying to obtain it. No one today mentions, nor does it have any indication, that nearly eight hundred years ago, the Serbian Archbishop Sava of Saracen purchased the Last Supper Room by covering the entire floor area with gold coins.

Also, on the hill of Zion was the house of John the Theologian, in which the Virgin Mary fell asleep- and that house was bought by St. Sava, with the surrounding land. He upgraded  it into the church of St. John the Evangelist and established a monastery there. The German Benedictine Church of the Dormition of the Virgin is now in that place since 1910.

The Nemanjics made donations to shrines in the Holy Land even before Saint Sava’s first voyage there. And, after his pilgrimages the rulers of this medieval Serbian lineage began to establish their endowments, churches and monasteries forming the Serbian monastic brotherhoods there. King Milutin established monastery in the Old City which today belongs to the Greeks and serves as a accommodation for the Palestinians and pilgrims.  Emperor Dusan, Uros Nejaki, Jaksic, Brankovic, and the Karadjordjevic and many others left gifts as well. Only, the traces of that are pretty much gone now.


The forests of Karadjordjevic

There is no greater recognition of the Israelites than of planting a forest in your honor. And the Serbian ruling dynasty Karadjordjevic has as many as two such memorials. Thousands of eucalyptus trees in honor of King Peter the First of Yugoslavia were planted in 1927, on the tenth anniversary of the Balfour Declaration, which Serbia first recognized. Dusan Mihalek, a tourist guide from Israel, originally from Novi Sad, and his mother, found a broken old memorial plaque ten years ago and somehow “glued it”. The old plaque stood there until a new one was erected in a central place in that memorial forest, which Ambassador Zoran Basaraba (2011–2013) took care of.

Less is known about the forest of King Alexander the First Karadjordjevic, planted in 1937, after his assassination of Marseille. The forest was planted in gratitude for his attitude towards Jews in Seribia. “There was also a blueprint for the monument as one capital letter A. This was supposed to be made on the top of the mountain, but there was a war, then the founding of the state of Israel, and the struggle to maintain it. The memory of Israeli Jews, even those who came from Yugoslavia, began to dim. Now one of the best high schools is located there. And those trees still stand there. They just don’t have any character, “Mihalek says. The two forests are close to each other, in the northern part of Israel. Petar’s is below Nazareth, and Alexandar’s is towards Haifa, below Mount Carmel, Mihalek explains. It is above the largest Yugoslav kibbutz, Sha ‘Ar Ha’ Amakin (meaning the Gate of the Valley).


Hymn to Serbian Saint Sava

Hymn to Saint Sava is song dedicated to Saint Sava (1219-1233), the first Archbishop of Serbia, founder of the Serbian Orthodox Church and important cultural and political worker of his time.

Lyrics of Hymn to Serbian Saint Sava:

Let us sing with love To Saint Sava.

Serb churches and schools Glorify Him!

Serb pride-protector of schools Good shepherd, St. Sava,

Let us praise Him, O Serbs Let us sing His hymn thrice!

That all Serb lands Can soon be united Sun of freedom and righteousness

To shine to us at once: To live in love and harmony Help us, O Holy Father Sava,

Hearken the voice of the people, The Serb nation!







     Temples: Temples on the east bank (Jordan river), temples on the west bank
     Serbian saints
     Serbian monasticism
     Russian spirit. mission
     Saints of Holy Land
     Spirituals holidays
     Holy fire

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